Round-the-Globe Look at Native Dogs: First Stop, Home

The U.S. has been no slouch when it comes to breeding dogs. The ubiquitous Boston Terrier hails from our shores. A non-sporting breed, the Boston Terrier was also famously referred to as the American Gentleman. Playful, trainable and well-behaved, the American Gentleman’s short muzzle incorporates some potential breathing difficulties. Eye problems are also endemic. Besides the Bostonian American Gentleman 59 other breeds can accurately claim the U.S. as their place of inception. Mexico has three distinct breeds. These are the Chamuco, the Mexican hairless dog and the popular chihuahua. Brazil has been home to four distinct breeds. The Brazilian dogo, the Brazilian terrier, the Fila Brasiliero and the Rastreador Brasileiro are the specified breeds, although sadly the latter has since died out.

Key Takeaways:

  • Almost sixty dog breeds originated in America, of which the Boston Terrier was one of the first.
  • “Teacup” chihuahuas are frail dogs with thin bones that are prone to sprains and breaks.
  • In Brazil, an outbreak of disease wiped out the breeding stock of the Rastreador Brasileiro; the breed was declared extinct in 1973.

“Our neighbors to the south boast three original dogs, the Chamuco, the Mexican Hairless (aka the Xoloitzcuintli) and last but certainly not least, the tiny Chihuahua, which is the smallest dog breed in the world. Chihuahua is the largest northern state in Mexico, where the breed is called the chihuahue�o.”

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